Trade defence: how tough is the EU's fight for fair trade to protect jobs?

Trade defence: how tough is the EU's fight for fair trade to protect jobs?

While it works hard for fair trade agreements around the world, the European Union works equally hard to defend European workers and businesses from unfair trade practices. From solar panels to steel to biodiesel, the Commission has wielded its arsenal of anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures. In doing so, the EU is defending the principle of open markets while ensuring it is conducted on a level playing field.

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The EU's trade defence measures impact international trade by helping to eliminate the negative effects of unfair trade practices and ensuring that industries can compete on more fair terms. By imposing measures, the EU shows that while free trade is welcome, it must be fair. In this way all players can benefit.

The EU’s trade defence measures are based on rules set out by the World Trade Organization. The European Commission is responsible for investigating both dumping and subsidy claims and for imposing measures.

Since the start of the Juncker Commission in 2014, the EU has imposed 35 trade defence measures of which 20 were in the steel sector. A total of 145 measures are in force, protecting over 350,000 jobs.

However, overall the EU is a responsible and targeted user of this type of action. Less than 0.5% of total EU imports are currently impacted by EU anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures.