The EU's trade defence measures impact international trade by helping to eliminate the negative effects of unfair trade practices and ensuring that industries can compete on more fair terms. By imposing measures, the EU shows that while free trade is welcome, it must be fair. In this way all players can benefit.
The EU’s trade defence measures are based on rules set out by the World Trade Organization. The European Commission is responsible for investigating both dumping and subsidy claims and for imposing measures.
Since the start of the Juncker Commission in 2014, the EU has imposed 35 trade defence measures of which 20 were in the steel sector. A total of 145 measures are in force, protecting over 350,000 jobs.
However, overall the EU is a responsible and targeted user of this type of action. Less than 0.5% of total EU imports are currently impacted by EU anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures.