Where more trade may harm the environment (for instance, through more intensive farming to meet growing demand) this is flagged in a publicly available impact assessment. Negotiators consider these findings before any deal is completed. And, by facilitating trade in green technologies, EU deals can offset the rise in CO2 emissions that comes with the uptick in economic activity.
Many countries are keen to export to the lucrative European market. As a result, market access may be offered as an incentive to countries that show progress in reducing hazardous waste, improving labour standards, or protecting biodiversity and endangered species.